(Originally published February 2018)
This month we are going to look at the character 出 which means ‘come or go out’ and is pronounced 출 (“Chul”) in Korean. Ancient versions of this character showed a pictograph of a foot with a line underneath it, perhaps suggesting a shoe, meaning ready to go out, or it was meant to show a foot coming out of a cave. From the original meaning of ‘come out’ it also came to have the similar meaning of ‘appear’ or ‘emerge’ and then ‘produce’ or ‘create’. We will see examples of these different meanings in the vocabulary words below.
One of the most common words with this character is 출구 (出口 – “Chul-gu” which means exit. You will see this word on signs in buildings, subways, etc. The first part of the word, 출 (出 – “Chul”) means ‘come or go out’, and the second part 구 (口 – “Gu”) means ‘mouth’ or ‘opening’. When put together the word literally means “the opening for going out”.
Where is the exit?
A similar word is 출입 (出入 – “Chul-ip”) which means entrance or doorway. The first part of the word, 출 (出 – “Chul”) means ‘come or go out’, and the second part 입 (入 – “Ip”) means ‘enter’. So the word literally means ‘come out + enter’ implying the place where you can go in our come out. If a doorway, entrance, or any area is off limits you will see a sign that says 출입 금지 (“Chul-ip Geum-ji”) which means ‘do not enter’, ‘no admittance’, or ‘off limits’.
이 지역은 학생 출입 금지 구역이다.
(“I Ji-yeok-eun Hak-saeng Chul-ip Geum-ji Gu-yeok-i-da”)
This area is off limits to school children
The word 출발 (出發 – “Chul-bal”) means leave, depart, or set out. The first part of the word, 출 (出 – “Chul”) means ‘come or go out’, and the second part 발 (發 – “bal”) means ‘to spread out’.
현주는 어제 런던으로 출발했다
(“Hyeon-ju-neun Eo-je Reon-deon-eu-ro Chul-bal-haet-da”)
Hyunjoo left for London yesterday.
The word 외출 (外出 – “Oe-chul”) means ‘go out’ or ‘be out’ (of the office, the house, etc). The first part of the word 외 (外 – “Oe”) means ‘outside’ and the second part 출 (出 – “Chul”) means ‘come or go out’.
오늘 밤엔 외출하고 싶지 않아.
(“O-neul Bam-en Oe-chul Ha-go Ship-ji An-a”)
I don’t feel like going out tonight.
Finally, the word 출판 (出版 – “Chul-pan”) means publish. The first part of the word, 출 (出 – “Chul”) means ‘come out’ or in this case ‘produce’, and the second part 판 (版 – “Pan”) means ‘printing block’ or ‘edition’.
당신 연구물 중에 출판된 것이 있나요?
(“Dang-shin Yeong-gu-mul jung-e Chul-pan-doen Geos-i it-na-yo?”)
Has any of your work been published?
Here are some other common Korean words that use this character:
수출 (輸出 – “Su-chul”): Export
연출 (演出 – “Yeon-chul”): Direct (a film)
출국 (出國 – “Chul-guk”): Leave a country
출근하다 (出勤 – “Chul-geun”) Go to work
출장 (出張 – “Chul-jang”) Business trip
노출 (露出 – “No-chul”): Expose, disclose
대출 (貸出 – “Dae-chul”): Loan
출신 (出身 – “Chul-shin”) A native of… to be from somewhere
출현하다 (出現 – “Chul-hyeon”) Appear, emerge
I hope that learning the meaning of 출 (出 – “Chul”) will make learning these vocabulary words easier. Have a word or character that you would like to know more about? Send your questions and comments to firstname.lastname@example.org. And also you can now find all of the previous Hanja Time articles online at hanjatime.wordpress.com. I’d also like to wish our 할아버지 (“Haraboji”) a very happy 70th birthday from Gary, Hyunjoo, Harrison, and Camille!