60 – 金 – Kim’s Gold on Friday

Hanja Time – February 2018 – “Kim’s Gold on Friday”

 

Hanja Gold Gum

The most popular last name in Korea is 김 (Kim). In fact 22% of the population of Korea have this last name. The last name 김 (Kim) comes from the Hanja character 金 which means ‘gold’ and is usually pronounced 금(“geum”). Over time it has also taken the meaning of ‘money’. Many common Korean words have this character in them, and learning the meaning of this character will help you remember these words.

금 (金 – “Geum”) can be used as a word by itself, or can be put in front of another word word to means “gold (something)”. For example 팔찌 (“Pal-jji”) means bracelet, so 금팔찌 (“Geum-pal-jji”) means ‘gold bracelet’. 반지 (“ban-ji”) means ‘ring’ so 금반지 (“Geum-ban-ji”) means ‘gold ring’, etc.

금 (金 – “Geum”) can also be used in compound words. For example the word 금고 (金庫 – “Geum-go”) means ‘safe’ or ‘vault’. The first part 금 (金 – “Geum”) means ‘gold’ and the second part 고 (庫 – “Go”) means ‘wharehouse’. So the word 금고 (金庫 – “Geum-go”) literally means ‘gold+wharehouse’.
Example Sentence:
나는 금고 위치를 안다.
(“Na-neun Geum-go Wi-chi-reul An-da”)
I know where the safe is.

The word 상금 (賞金 – “Sang-geum”) means ‘prize money’. The first part 상 (賞 – “Sang”) means prize and the second part 금 (金 – “Geum”) means ‘gold’ or in this case ‘money’.
Example Sentence:
지니는 상금으로 100달러를 탔다
(“Ji-ni-neun Sang-geum-eu-ro 100 Dal-lleo-reul Tat-da”)
Jini won 100 dollars in prize money.

The word 벌금 (罰金 – “Beol-geum”) means ‘fine’ or ‘penalty’. The first part 벌 (罰 – “Beol”) means ‘punishment’ or ‘penalty’ and the second part 금 (金 – “Geum”) means ‘money’.
Example Sentence:
지니는 속도위반으로 100달러의 벌금을 냈다
(“Ji-ni-neun Sok-do-wi-ban-eu-ro 100 Dal-lleo-ui Beol-geum-eul Naet-da”)
Jini paid a 100-dollar fine for speeding

The word 현금 (現金 – “Hyun-geum”) means ‘cash’. The first part 현 (現 – “Hyeon”) means ‘present’ or ‘current’ and the second part 금 (金 – “Geum”) means ‘money’, so the word 현금 (現金 – “Hyun-geum”) literally means ‘present+money’.
Example Sentence:
이제 지니는 현금이 없다.
(“I-je Ji-ni-neun Hyeon-geum-i Eop-da”)
Now Jini has no cash.

Finally, the word for Friday is 금요일 (金曜日 – “Geum-yo-il”) which literally means the ‘gold day of the week’. A pretty appropriate name if you ask me!

Here are some other common Korean words that use this character:
등록금 (登錄金 – “Deung-nok-geum”): Tuition
세금 (稅金 – “Sae-geum”): Tax
예금 (預金 – “Ye-geum”): Deposit; savings
요금 (料金 – “Yo-geum”): Charge, fee
임금 (賃金 – “Im-geum”): Wages, pay

I hope that learning the meaning of 금 (金 – “Geum”) will make learning these vocabulary words easier. Have a word or character that you would like to know more about? Send your questions and comments to newhanja@gmail.com. And also you can now find all of the previous Hanja Time articles online at hanjatime.wordpress.com. I’d also like to wish my daughter Camille a happy 8th birthday this month!

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