Originally Published April 2017
This month we are going to look at the character 名 which means name. This character is pronounced 명 (“Myeong”) in Korean. This character can be found in many Korean words, and knowing its meaning will help you learn these words. It can also be used by itself, which is the first usage we will look at.
When the word 명 (名 “Myeong”) used by itself it simply means number of people and is used as a counter.
내일 밤 10명이 앉을 수 있는 자리가 있습니까?
(“Ne-il Bam 10-myeong-I An-Jeul-Su Iss-neun Ja-ri-ga Iss-seub-ni-kka?”)
Do you have a table for a party of ten for tomorrow night?
The word명단 (名單 – “Myeong-dan”) means list, roll, register, directory. The first character 名 (명 – “Myeong”) means name and the second character 單 (단 – “Dan”) means list. Together they literally mean ‘name-list’.
그녀 이름을 명단에 써 주시겠습니까?
(“Geu-Nyeo I-reum-eul Myeong-dan-ae Sseo-ju-shi-gae-sub-ni-gga?”)
-Could you add her name to the list?
The word 명칭 (名稱 – “Myeong-Ching”) means name, title, or designation. It refers to the official name of something. The first character 名 (명 – “Myeong”) means name and the second character 稱 (칭 – “Ching”) means to be called. Together they literally mean ‘name-to-be-called’.
‘유로’란 명칭은 1995년 12월 16일에 공식화 되었다.
(“’Eruo’-ran Myeong-ching-eun 1995 Nyeon 12 Wueol 16 Il-ae Gong-shik-hoa Doi-eoss-da”)
The name ‘euro’ became official on Dec.16,1995.
The word별명 (別名 – “Byeol-Myeong”) means nickname. The first character 別 (별- “Byeol”) means unique or special, and the second character名 (명 – “Myeong”) means name. Together it means ‘special-name’.
우리는 그를 ‘Smooth Hector’라는 별명으로 부른다
(“U-ri-neun Geu-reul ‘Smooth Hector’-ra-neun Byeul-myeong-eu-ro Bu-reun-da”)
We call him by his nickname, “Smooth Hector.”
Here are some other common words that use the character名 (명 – “Myeong”):
명예 (名譽 – “Myeong-Yae”): Honor
명의 (名義 – “Myeong-Eui”): Name
명절 (名節 – “Myong-Jeol”): Holiday
명함 (名銜 – “Myeong-Ham”): Business Card
서명 (署名 – “Seo-Myeong”): Signature or autograph
유명하다 (有名- “Yu-Myeong Ha-da): Famous, well known
I hope that learning the character名 (명 – “Myeong”) will make remembering all these different vocabulary words easier!
Have a word or character that you would like to know more about? Post your questions in the comments!